Embryo Transfer Process

An Important Aspect Of IVF Operation

In the Vitro fertilization process, embryo transfer is the final step. It's an extremely crucial procedure. No matter how perfect the IVF laboratory culture environment is, a poorly executed embryo transfer might spoil everything. The precise implantation of embryos near the center of the endometrial cavity — with minimal stress and intervention – is critical throughout the entire IVF cycle.

Embryo transfer process

The Embryo transfer process appears to be very similar to a woman's Pap smear. For embryo transfer, experts recommend a fairly full bladder. This is beneficial in two ways. It allows for better ultrasound visualization of the catheter, which aids in the smooth and proper transfer of the embryos to the best possible location, as well as unfolding the uterus to a more inclusive angle, making the process as smooth as possible and less distressing for the uterine wall and embryos.

The ivf embryo transfer catheter is stocked with embryos and passed through the cervical incision to the center of the uterine cavity by the physician. Simultaneously, abdominal ultrasonography is used to monitor the catheter tip's progress to the right position. It can be difficult to keep the catheter tip in the exact line of the ultrasound waves at all times, but it is critical to ensure that the embryos are properly placed. The embryos are “forwarded” to the lining of the uterine cavity by the infertility specialist physician after the catheter point reaches the proper spot.

After the embryos have been transferred, the catheter is carefully removed and any remaining embryos are examined under a microscope. If an embryo remains in the catheter (which is unusual), the embryo transfer operation is immediately resumed and the catheter is examined once more.

How many embryos can be implanted?

The number of embryos to be transferred is selected by the couple following a discussion with the physician about the quality of their embryos and how it affects the chances of multiple pregnancies vs the danger of not conceiving at all. During the Embryo transfer process, the implantation rate of embryos tends to decrease as a woman's age increases. This means that once the female spouse reaches the age of 32, the chances of an embryo implanting decline slowly.